Accounting Terminology Master’s in Accounting at DePaul

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Accounting Terms

When retained earnings are positive, they increase the organization’s equity. That equity may then be reinvested back into the business to fuel its future growth. Accountants sometimes make future projections with respect to revenues, expenses, and debts.

Accounting Terms

Written communication issued by an independent CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT describing the character of his or her work and the degree of responsibility taken. Application of an AUDIT procedure to less than 100% of the items within an account BALANCE or class of transactions for the purpose of evaluating some characteristic of the balance or class. Gradual and periodic reduction of any amount, such as the periodic writedown of a BOND premium, the cost of an intangible ASSET or periodic payment Of MORTGAGES or other DEBT. Tax imposed to back Accounting Terms up the regular income tax imposed on CORPORATION and individuals to assure that taxpayers with economically measured income exceeding certain thresholds pay at least some income tax. Fund consisting of ASSETS where the holder agrees to remit the assets, income from the assets, or both, to a specified beneficiary in due course or at a specified time. Receipts for shares of foreign company stock maintained by an intermediary indicating ownership. Profits that are not paid out as DIVIDENDS but are instead added to the company’s capital base.

Dividend Payout Ratio

This is beneficial to individuals, organizations, businesses, governments, and more. Accountants keep track of expenses, profits, losses, and they are most well-known for helping with taxes. There are many basic accounting terms that are beneficial to everyone, not just accountants. It is important to monitor income and expenses in daily life.

  • This shows the true amount of profit coming from an organization’s core business activities.
  • The temporaryINVESTMENTof excessCASH, intended to be held until needed to pay currentOBLIGATIONS.
  • The act of recording the accounts, financial transactions, and other information related to your business.
  • To understand the financial health of your business, you need to…

He then had to ask for a different set of financial statements. We studied the balance sheet carefully to see if the assets exceeded the liabilities and shareholders’ equity. Liabilities are recorded on the right side of the balance sheet, while assets are listed on the left.

Fixed Assets

Cost of goods sold refers to any cost related to making or assembling items or services you sell. Generally, the total is calculated by summing up the amount you spent on inventory and labor. This financial statement provides a summary of the in-going and out-going cash in a business during a set timeframe. Someone trained to properly keep, report, and inspect financial records and transactions. Whether you’re a small business owner or student, here are the 60 accounting terms, abbreviations, and definitions you need to know. Business leaders must prepare a worksheet if their trial balance doesn’t match their bank record. They must then assess transactions until they find the discrepancy.

What is debit and credit?

What are debits and credits? In a nutshell: debits (dr) record all of the money flowing into an account, while credits (cr) record all of the money flowing out of an account.

Financial accounting refers to the processes used to generate interim and annual financial statements. The results of all financial transactions that occur during an accounting period are summarized in the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. The financial statements of most companies are audited annually by an external CPA firm.


Plant and machinery, land and buildings, furniture, computers, copyright, and vehicles are all examples. Statement of Account – A written document that shows all charges and payments; accounts receivable statement; accounts payable statement. Generally, a monthly accounts receivable statement is sent to a charge customer; and reconciled by an accounts payable clerk for payment. Reconciliation – The act of proving an account balances; debits and credits equal. An example of reconciling an account is to verify that the bank statement matches the checkbook balance, making allowances for outstanding checks and deposits.

We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Generally speaking, however, attention to detail is a key component in accountancy, since accountants must be able to diagnose and correct subtle errors or discrepancies in a company’s accounts. The ability to think logically is also essential, to help with problem-solving. Mathematical skills are helpful but are less important than in previous generations due to the wide availability of computers and calculators. The Securities and Exchange Commission has an entire financial reporting manual outlining reporting requirements of public companies. Post adjusting journal entries at the end of the period to reflect any changes to be made to the trial balance run in Step 3.

Contingent Liability

A qualifiedREMICis generally taxed like apartnership, unless it takes contributions after its start up day or engages in a prohibitedtransaction. A temporaryACCOUNTused under thePERIODIC INVENTORY SYSTEMto record theTOTAL COSTof all MERCHANDISEpurchased for resale during anaccountingperiod. DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLANcharacterized by the setting aside of a portion of an entity’s profits in participant’s accounts.

Accounting Terms

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